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123 John Munroe HallNewark, DE 19716<div class="ExternalClass5DE77817D6064FFF83D38F62BCB19CBB"><p>​Eve Buckley studies the history of science, medicine, health and environment in twentieth-century Latin America, particularly Brazil. She is interested in the use of science and technology to address problems of poverty and underdevelopment in postcolonial societies. Her book <em>Technocrats and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century Brazil</em> (University of North Carolina Press, 2017) was recently awarded the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl="">2018 Humanities Book Prize</a> by the Brazil Section of the Latin American Studies Association. The book also received Honorable Mention, Warren Dean prize, Conference on Latin American History in 2018.  This work examines development projects in Northeast Brazil’s hinterland drought zone, focusing on dam construction, the establishment of irrigated smallholder colonies, and public health surveys. Prof. Buckley’s current research centers on the career and influence of Brazilian physician Josué de Castro. This new book is provisionally entitled <em>Hunger Politics in the Early Cold War: Brazilian Critiques of Overpopulation Orthodoxy</em>. Prof. Buckley received a BA from the University of Chicago and a PhD from the University of Pennsylvania. Prior to graduate school, she worked for several years in science museum education. She grew up outside Columbus, Ohio, and now lives in Newark with her husband and sons.</p></div><div class="ExternalClass8DDEFEE055A84550B1116D629B162360"><p></p><h4>Books:</h4><ul><li><em>Technocrats and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century Brazil</em>. Chapel Hill: The University of North Carolina Press, 2017. Awarded the <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener" data-saferedirecturl="">2018 Humanities Book Prize</a> by the Brazil Section of the Latin American Studies Association. Honorable Mention, Warren Dean prize, Conference on Latin American History, 2018.</li></ul><h4>Articles and Book Chapters</h4><ul><li>"Overpopulation Debates in Latin America during the Cold War," <a href=""><em>Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Latin American History</em></a></li><em><em><li>“Drought in the sertão as a natural or social phenomenon: establishing the Inspetoria Federal de Obras Contra as Secas, 1909-1923,” Boletim do Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi: Ciências Humanas (Brazil), special issue, <em>História, Ciência e Natureza</em> (v. 5 n. 2, 2010), pp. 379-398.</li><li>“Political Impediments to Technological Diffusion in Northeast Brazil, 1909-1964,” <em>Comparative Technology Transfer & Society</em>, v. 7 (2) August 2009, pp. 146-171.</li></em></em></ul><p></p></div>Publicationsebuckley@udel.edu, Eve302-831-0793<img alt="Associate Professor Eve Buckley" src="/Images%20Bios/faculty/Buckley_Eve.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />Associate ProfesssorDirector, Latin American & Iberian Studies ProgramT 3:30-5:30,Eve



Technocrats and the Politics of Drought and Development in Twentieth-Century BrazilBuckley, EveThe University of North Carolina PressNorth Carolina2017<p>2018 Humanities Book Award, Brazil Section of the Latin American Studies Association</p><p>Honorable Mention, Warren Dean prize, Conference on Latin American History, 2018<br></p><p>Eve E. Buckley’s study of twentieth-century Brazil examines the nation’s hard social realities through the history of science, focusing on the use of technology and engineering as vexed instruments of reform and economic development. Nowhere was the tension between technocratic optimism and entrenched inequality more evident than in the drought-ridden Northeast<em> sertão</em>, plagued by chronic poverty, recurrent famine, and mass migrations. Buckley reveals how the physicians, engineers, agronomists, and mid-level technocrats working for federal agencies to combat drought were pressured by politicians to seek out a technological magic bullet that would both end poverty and obviate the need for land redistribution to redress long-standing injustices. </p><p>Scientists planned and oversaw huge projects including dam construction, irrigation for small farmers, and public health initiatives. They were, Buckley shows, sincerely determined to solve the drought crisis and improve the lot of poor people in the <em>sertão</em>. Over time, however, they came to the frustrating realization that, despite technology’s tantalizing promise of an apolitical means to end poverty, political collisions among competing stakeholders were inevitable. Buckley’s revelations about technocratic hubris, the unexpected consequences of environmental engineering, and constraints on scientists as agents of social change resonate with today’s hopes that science and technology can solve society’s most pressing dilemmas, including climate change.</p>

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