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230 John Munroe HallNewark, DE 19716<div class="ExternalClassC7D81508F5CE4F8990D7FC877AFE6521"><p>Steven Sidebotham is professor of ancient history and archaeology at the University of Delaware, where he teaches courses on the ancient Near East and Greece, ancient Rome, ancient Greek and Roman sports and recreation, ancient religions and a seminar on World War II through oral history. Fluent in Arabic, Professor Sidebotham was educated in Egypt, Greece and the United States and received his PhD at the University of Michigan in 1981. He has excavated or undertaken archaeological survey work in Italy, Greece, Tunisia, Libya, Jordan, Egypt, Sudan, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Israel and India and, since 1972, has participated in or directed over 60 field projects (both on land and underwater). Professor Sidebotham’s main research interest is ancient trade and cultural exchange between the Mediterranean Basin/Near East on the one hand and the Red Sea-Indian Ocean littorals on the other. He has written, coauthored and co-edited thirteen books with his most recent one on his primary area of research being <em>Berenike and the ancient Maritime Spice Route </em>(Berkeley, CA: University of California Press, 2011).</p><p>His current projects include archaeological excavations at Berenike, an ancient port on the Red Sea coast of Egypt, and small scale excavations and surveys in Egypt’s Eastern Desert. A Discovery/Science Channel television documentary entitled <a href="" target="_blank"><em>When Rome Ruled Egypt</em></a>, which first aired in 2008, highlights his archaeological discoveries in Egypt. Professor Sidebotham is a well-recognized speaker and has lectured on cruise ships, at museums, universities and conferences throughout the world.</p><p>Prof. Sidebotham and his wife Mary Sidebotham also have an abiding interest in World War II. Since June 6, 2004 they have conducted over 230 oral interviews of veterans (both American and others) who served in that conflict in all theaters of operation; they have included women as well as men in their oral interview project. Sidebotham’s first foray into publishing about the conflict resulted in J.J. Hurt and S.E. Sidebotham (eds.), <em>Odyssey of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. Mason </em>(Newark, DE: University of Delaware Press/Rowman & Littlefield, 2014).</p></div><div class="ExternalClass6AC0D6ADC6284EFC9F6F5E2036587C51"><h4>Books:</h4><ul><li><em>Odyssey of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. Mason</em> (University of Delaware Press, 2014).</li><li><em>Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice Route</em> (University of California Press, 2011).</li><li><em>The Red Land: The Illustrated Archaeology of Egypt's Eastern Desert</em> With Martin Hense (The American University in Cairo Press, 2008).</li></ul><h4>Edited Volumes:</h4><ul><li><em>The Archaeological Survey of the Desert Roads between Berenike and the Nile Valley: Expeditions by the University of Michigan and the University of Delaware to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, 1987-2015</em>. With Jennifer E. Gates-Foster, with Jean-Louis G. Rivard (American Schools of Oriental Research, 2019).</li><li><em>Berenike 1999/2000: Report on the Excavations at Berenike, Including Excavations in Wadi Kalalat and Siket, and the Survey of the Mons Smaragdus Region</em> With Willeke Wendrich (The Cotsen Institute of Archaeology Press, 2007).</li><li><em>Berenike 2008-2009 : Report on the Excavations At Berenike, Including a Survey in the Eastern Desert</em> With Iwona Zych (Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology University, 2011).</li></ul><p>Book Chapters:</p><ul><li>Steven E. Sidebotham, "Overview of Fieldwork at Berenike (Red Sea Coast), Egypt, and in the Eastern Desert: 2011-2015, in A. Manzo, C. Zazzaro and D. J. de Falco, eds., Stories of Globalisation: The Red Sea and the Persian Gulf from Late Prehistory to Early Modernity. Selected Papers of Red Sea Project VII (Leiden-Boston: Brill, 2019): 183-224.</li></ul></div>Publicationsses@udel.edu, Steven302-831-0806<img alt="Professor Steven Sidebottam" src="/Images%20Bios/faculty/sidebotham.jpg" style="BORDER:0px solid;" />ProfessorChair, History Media CenterMWF 12:15-2:15



The Archaeological Survey of the Desert Roads between Berenike and the Nile Valley Expeditions by the University of Michigan and the University of Delaware to the Eastern Desert of Egypt, 1987-2015Sidebotham, StevenJennifer E. Gates-Foster and Jean-Louis G. RivardAmerican Schools of Oriental Research2019<p>​The publication of the Eastern Desert Roads Surveys brings together the research of two survey projects, the Michigan-Assiut Koptos-Eastern Desert Project and the University of Delaware-Leiden University Eastern Desert Surveys. From 1987 to 2001 and intermittently thereafter until 2015, these two survey teams worked independently to explore and document the archaeological remains along the routes connecting the Nile Valley cities of Koptos (modern Qift) and Apollinopolis Magna (modern Edfu) to the Red Sea port city of Berenike in Egypt. The result of these surveys was the documentation of seventy discrete archaeological sites ranging in date from the late Dynastic to the Late Roman periods, with many sites demonstrating long-term, multi-period occupation. The survey also recorded road sections, route marking cairns and graves/cemeteries.</p><p>This monograph brings together and integrates the discoveries of both teams, presenting a coherent analysis of the extensive surveys and the materials documented by each. Emphasis is placed on the physical setting of each site, its material remains--including preserved architecture, pottery and other surface finds--and relevant textual evidence, such as inscriptions, ostraka and related historical texts. A single chapter in gazetteer form is devoted to the sites themselves (excluding mines and quarries, which form a separate chapter), while other chapters present the geology of the region and ancient mines and quarries, which made use of the road network, the pottery evidence by phase, and specialist studies. An Introductory chapter offers historical and disciplinary context for the surveys and their subjects, tying the Berenike-Nile roads surveys into the corpus of archaeological surveys in Egypt and the wider Mediterranean world.</p>
Odyssey of a Bombardier: The POW Log of Richard M. MasonSidebotham, StevenJohn HurtUniversity of Delaware Press2014<p>​Odyssey of a Bombardier is the illustrated Prisoner of War “log” that depicts the experiences of bombardier Richard M. Mason in German prison camps after his B-17 “Flying Fortress” was shot down by the Germans in France in 1944, the final year of World War II. The log follows Mason from the day his plane crashed until his liberation in April, 1945, and his return home to the United States. Included are such topics as medical treatment and rehabilitation for wounded prisoners of the Germans, life in Stalag Luft III, a difficult long march in an arctic winter to another camp, the travails of prisoners in the overcrowded, filthy camp at Moosburg, critical food shortages, and the arrival of General George Patton with the liberating forces. Mason was an amateur artist and illustrated his journal with moving depictions of prison life and comradeship. This book shows U.S. airmen demonstrating grace and courage under pressure and meeting every challenge that their imprisonment presented. </p>
Berenike and the Ancient Maritime Spice RouteSidebotham, StevenUniversity of California Press2011<p>​The legendary overland silk road was not the only way to reach Asia for ancient travelers from the Mediterranean. During the Roman Empire’s heyday, equally important maritime routes reached from the Egyptian Red Sea across the Indian Ocean. The ancient city of Berenike, located approximately 500 miles south of today’s Suez Canal, was a significant port among these conduits. In this book, Steven E. Sidebotham, the archaeologist who excavated Berenike, uncovers the role the city played in the regional, local, and “global” economies during the eight centuries of its existence. Sidebotham analyzes many of the artifacts, botanical and faunal remains, and hundreds of the texts he and his team found in excavations, providing a profoundly intimate glimpse of the people who lived, worked, and died in this emporium between the classical Mediterranean world and Asia. </p>
The Red Land: The Illustrated Archaeology of Egypt's Eastern DesertSidebotham, StevenMartin HenseThe American University in Cairo Press2008<p>​For thousands of years Egypt has crowded the Nile Valley and Delta. The Eastern Desert, however, has also played a crucial―though until now little understood―role in Egyptian history. Ancient inhabitants of the Nile Valley feared the desert, which they referred to as the Red Land, and were reluctant to venture there, yet they exploited the extensive mineral wealth of this region. They also profited from the valuable wares conveyed across the desert between the Nile and the Red Sea ports, which originated from Arabia, Africa, India, and elsewhere in the east.</p><p>Based on twenty years of archaeological fieldwork conducted in the Eastern Desert, The Red Land reveals the cultural and historical richness of this little known and seldom visited area of Egypt. A range of important archaeological sites dating from Prehistoric to Byzantine times is explored here in text and illustrations. Among these ancient treasures are petroglyphs, cemeteries, fortified wells, gold and emerald mines, hard stone quarries, roads, forts, ports, and temples. With 250 photographs and fascinating artistic reconstructions based on the evidence on the ground, along with the latest research and accounts from ancient sources and modern travelers, the authors lead the reader into the remotest corners of the hauntingly beautiful Eastern Desert to discover the full story of the area’s human history.</p>

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